EXPLAINER: How to impeach a Zimbabwean president


A Zimbabwean man has been arrested for allegedly using President Robert Mugabe's election campaign poster as toilet paper.

JOHANNESBURG - Following the intervention of the Zimbabwean National Army last week, President Robert Mugabe has faced increasing pressure to resign.

On Monday, Mugabe ignored a deadline by his party, Zanu-PF, to voluntarily step down.

The party has now initiated a process of forcing him out of office through impeachment.

Under Zimbabwean law, the president can be impeached on the following grounds, or a combination thereof:

  • Serious misconduct
  • Failure to obey, uphold or defend the Constitution
  • Wilful violation of the Constitution
  • Inability to perform the functions of the office because of physical or mental incapacity

READ: 10 things you didn&39;t know about Robert Mugabe

The process of impeachment is as follows:

  • A motion must be tabled in Parliament, calling for the removal of the President.
  • Parliament must then pass a resolution by a majority of 50 percent to investigate the matter.
  • If the resolution is passed, a multiparty committee of nine members is appointed to investigate.
  • Should the committee recommend the dismissal of the President, Parliament must vote with a majority of at least two-thirds to remove the President.
  • If that happens, the President must leave office.

The Zimbabwean Parliament currently has a total of 350 members.

Zanu-PF already enjoys a more-than-two thirds majority, with most of its MPs expected to vote in favour of removing Mugabe.

In addition, the Opposition MDC-T of Morgan Tsvangirai and the MDC of Welshman Ncube are expected to vote in support of the impeachment motion. They have 73 seats.

The two parties have always campaigned for the removal of Mugabe.

FULL COVERAGE: Zimbabwe in crisis