UNITED NATIONS - A Congo-based Ugandan rebel group is to blame for three attacks on United Nations peacekeepers, including one in December that killed 15 Tanzanian troops, the United Nations said on Friday.
The December 8 attack, which also killed five Congolese soldiers and wounded another 53 peacekeepers, on a UN base in the Democratic Republic of Congo's troubled eastern borderlands came amid a rising wave of violence in the mineral-rich area.
A special UN inquiry also looked at two other attacks on Tanzanian peacekeepers, on September 16 and October 7, 2017.
The investigation concluded "the three attacks against the UN peacekeepers were carried out using a similar modus operandi and that all available evidence points to the ADF as the attacker," the United Nations said in a statement.
The UN peacekeeping mission, known as MONUSCO, is still searching for one peacekeeper missing after the December 8 attack.
The ADF has operated inside Congo since the 1990s. Congolese and UN troops have conducted repeated offensives against it, but the group always managed to bounce back. It is considered one of the most lethal of Congo's dozens of armed bands.
The UN investigation "found a number of gaps in the training and posture of MONUSCO."
"The mission did not have an actionable contingency plan to reinforce and extract its peacekeepers," the UN said. "Issues of command-and-control, leadership and lack of essential enablers such as aviation, engineers and intelligence were also major obstacles and need to be addressed urgently."
Congo and Uganda launched an offensive against the ADF in January that the United Nations warned last month could force nearly 370,000 people from their homes.