LONDON - A charity appeal starring singer Ed Sheeran has been branded exploitative "poverty tourism" as campaigners drew up a shortlist of the year's worst fundraising appeals.
Bbut charities say the videos have helped to raise tens of millions of dollars.
Appeals by British actors Tom Hardy and Eddie Redmayne for the UK's Disasters Emergencies Committee (DEC) joined Sheeran as contenders for Radi-Aid's Rusty Radiator Award for what judges deemed offensive depictions of suffering.
Rusty Radiator Award 2017; I voted 2. Ed Sheeran Meets a Little Boy who Lives on the Streets - Comic Relief, https://t.co/fZX5TWWfZM— Angus Willson (@AngusWillson) November 29, 2017
"We need more nuanced information about development and poverty, not oversimplified half-truths," said Beathe Øgård, President of the Norwegian Students' and Academics' International Assistance Fund, which runs the awards.
"(A good video) avoids exploiting the suffering of people and portrays people with dignity – with potential, talents and strengths."
WATCH: Ed Sheeran carpool karaoke
The DEC, which raises money for 13 major British charities, has defended its videos, which it said helped to raise 70 million pounds (R1.28-billion) for East Africa and 26 million pounds for Yemen.
"They're not adverts, they're appeals," the DEC's Nicola Peckett told the Thomson Reuters Foundation, pointing out that its videos were quick responses to specific humanitarian crises.
Using celebrities familiar to the public was a "tried and tested" model for fundraising and the DEC partnered with news organisations like Britain's Sky News and ITV to produce the videos in around 72 hours, she said.
"We will discuss it with our broadcast partners when we review our appeals," she added.
Judges described Hardy's video for the DEC's Yemen campaign, which includes footage of emaciated children followed by an appeal for donations by the actor, as "very graphic and stereotypical".
They said Redmayne's appeal for East Africa "offers no political context (and is) close to poverty porn".
Sheeran's video for British charity Comic Relief about street children in Liberia was too focused on the singer, said Radi-Aid, and his offer to temporarily house several homeless children in a hotel was "irresponsible" and short-sighted.
"This (nomination) will serve as a constant reminder of the need to stay as relevant as possible ... and to give a voice to the people affected by the issues we care about," said Liz Warner, CEO of Comic Relief, in a statement.
Comic Relief's fundraising Red Nose Day in March raised over 80 million pounds and celebrity videos like Sheeran's helped it reach a wider audience, the charity said.
Radi-Aid also runs a Golden Radiator Award, which recognises fundraising videos that show deeper context and depict their subjects as more than passive recipients of aid.
Voting closed on Monday and winners will be announced on Thursday.