File: With the flu season underway, you need to follow these tips to avoid getting sick.
JOHANNESBURG - As the 'flu season' kicks into effect, resulting in increased levels of absenteeism at schools and offices around the country, eNCA.com takes a look at how to avoid getting infected.
- Avoid close contact with others especially those at high risk of having severe influenza.
- Avoid close contact such as kissing or sharing drinks with people who are potentially ill.
- Cover coughs and sneezes with your hand or elbow to avoid spreading diseases.
- Limit the number of visitors when ill.
- Wipe down surfaces that are frequently touched or shared (doorknobs, remote controls) with a standard household disinfectant.
File: If you've got the flu, it's best you stay at home!
The flu vaccination is the most effective method for prevention and control of the virus, especially among children older than 2 and healthy adults.
Groups that would benefit from influenza vaccination:
- Pregnant women (including during the postpartum period),
- HIV–infected individuals,
- Individuals with tuberculosis,
- Healthcare workers,
- Residents of old-age homes, chronic care and rehabilitation institutions,
- Persons aged 6 months - ≥18 years on long-term aspirin therapy and who therefore might be at risk for experiencing Reye syndrome after influenza virus infection,
- Individuals who are morbidly obese (body mass index ≥40 kg/m2),
- Adults and children who are family contacts of individuals at high risk of severe influenza.
Influenza vaccine dosage:
- Adults and children 9 years of age and older --- Adult dose (0,5ml) IMI Single dose.
- Children 3 years through 8 years --- Adult dose (0,5ml) IMI 1 or 2 doses.
- Children 6 months through 2 years --- 0.25ml (half the adult dose) IMI.
* Information provided by the Institute for Communicable Diseases.