Kenya's construction sector grew strongly in 2020 despite Covid
NAIROBI - Kenya's economy shrank for the first time in three decades last year as the country was battered by the coronavirus pandemic, and almost 740,000 people were thrown out of work, a new government survey said.
Gross domestic product in the East African powerhouse dropped by 0.3 percent -- the first contraction since 1992 -- after expanding five percent in 2019, according to the report issued Thursday.
However, Treasury Secretary Ukur Yatani said that the economy was set for a "significant rebound" in 2021, with forecast growth of around six percent.
Overall GDP fell to 10.75 trillion Kenyan shillings (R1.3 trillion) last year.
In a workforce of 17.4 million, 738,000 jobs were shed, with informal workers such as small traders and artisans bearing the brunt.
"Disruption in labour supply brought about by restriction of movement and social distancing meant to contain the spread of Covid-19 reduced demand for goods and services," the report said.
The key tourism sector -- usually the biggest foreign exchange earner -- was the hardest-hit as revenue dropped almost 44 percent.
Visitor numbers plunged more than 70 percent to just over half a million as international coronavirus travel curbs took their toll.
Construction was one of the few bright spots, surging more than 11 percent on the back of an increase in government spending on infrastructure projects, including a major China-funded highway being built in the capital Nairobi.
Agriculture, long the backbone of the economy, also bucked the trend, growing 4.8 percent as generally favourable weather conditions boosted crop production.
Kenya remains under a nationwide nighttime curfew and other restrictions as coronavirus cases continue to rise although the country has been trying to ramp up its vaccination drive with the delivery of jabs from abroad.
According to the latest statistics, only three percent of Kenyan adults have been fully vaccinated, while the country has reported a total of 242,284 Covid-19 cases with 4,864 deaths.