Football fans demonstrate against the proposed European Super League outside Chelsea's Stamford Bridge stadium. AFP/Adrian Dennis
LONDON - The proposed European Super League appeared dead in the water on Wednesday after all six English clubs withdrew following a furious backlash from fans and threats from football authorities.
Manchester City, Manchester United, Liverpool, Chelsea, Tottenham and Arsenal were six of the 12 clubs that signed up to the breakaway competition that guaranteed spots each year and billions of dollars for founding members.
But reaction to the plans has been scathing, with politicians and football chiefs threatening to take legal action against the so-called "dirty dozen", who were told they faced potential bans from domestic and continental competitions.
City were the first to withdraw, followed by United, Liverpool, Arsenal, Tottenham and finally Chelsea -- just 48 hours after the Super League was first announced.
That leaves just six Spanish and Italian sides -- Real Madrid, Barcelona, Atletico Madrid, AC Milan, Inter Milan and Juventus -- still involved.
Manchester United announced the departure of executive vice-chairman Ed Woodward, and Arsenal apologised to fans for their "mistake".
"As a result of listening to you and the wider football community over recent days we are withdrawing from the proposed Super League," an Arsenal statement said.
"We made a mistake, and we apologise for it."
The Super League said it would look at ways to rescue the venture, insisting: "The existing system does not work."
"We shall consider the most appropriate steps to reshape the project," a statement said.
UEFA president Aleksander Ceferin said he was "delighted" and the English Football Association also welcomed the withdrawals, praising fans for "their influential and unequivocal voice".
Reigning European champions Bayern Munich and French giants Paris Saint-Germain both came out strongly opposed to the breakaway league.
FIFA president Gianni Infantino issued a stark warning to the heavyweight clubs who had signed up to the ESL.
"It is our task to protect the European sport model, so if some elect to go their own way then they must live with the consequences of their choices," Infantino said at UEFA's congress in Switzerland.