Kagiso residents, angered by the rape of 8 women, targetted illegal miners. They attacked Zama Zamas, setting their houses and belongings alight. eNCA's Morena Mothupi discusses the impact and solutions with mining and human rights law expert, Tracy-Lynn Field from Wits. Courtesy #dstv403
JOHANNESBURG - Illegal miners are not only stealing resources, they are crippling the economy. That's the view of Tracy-Lynn Field from Wits University.
She says Zama-Zamas cost the country up to R14-billion a year.
"There are criminal syndicates that drive the unregulated mining in this area. There are tiers of operation…The minors that are now being arrested are at the first tier, above them are the security gangs that connect with the kingpins that get the gold and sell it to national or regional buyers which are pawn brokers or scrap metal dealers on the third tier and on the fourth tier are companies that export that gold then finally the buyers in the fifth tier in the countries that import the gold," she said.
"The estimates are that we are losing R14-billion per annum in lost gold production," she said.