MAP: Indonesia, the world's volcanic hotspot

Mount Agung belched smoke as high as 1,500 metres above its summit, sparking an exodus from settlements near the mountain. Photo: AFP / Sonny Tumbelaka

JAKARTA - Indonesia, where more than 40,000 people have been evacuated over fears of an imminent volcanic eruption at Mount Agung on Bali, is the world's most volcanic area.

The Southeast Asian archipelago of more than 17,000 islands and islets -- and nearly 130 active volcanoes -- is situated on the Pacific "Ring of Fire", a vast zone of geological instability where the collision of tectonic plates causes frequent quakes and major volcanic activity.

Here are some of the country's most deadly eruptions:

 

AFP

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